You might be wondering if Crypto PnL is the same as Profit and Loss (P&L) in conventional finance if you are new to the crypto world. Crypto PnL, the difference between realized and unrealized PnL, and how to calculate it are all covered in this article. With this information, you can learn more about Crypto PnL and how to determine whether your cryptocurrency portfolio is profitable or losing money.

## In crypto, what does PnL stand for?

A positive PnL indicates that the trader has made money, while a negative PnL indicates that they have lost money. The overall profit or loss of a portfolio over a specific time period can also be calculated with PnL. PnL assists investors in making informed investment decisions and in keeping investors informed about the direction of their investments.

## Is Profit and Loss the Same as PnL?

PnL is calculated much more quickly in the crypto. It is typically calculated on a daily basis using the same fundamental formula of deducting investment costs from income generated. However, depending on the requirements of the trader, it can be calculated hourly or even minutely. Traders are able to quickly evaluate their performance and make decisions as a result of this.

## What is Realized PnL?

When a security has increased or decreased in value but has not been sold, unrealized profit or loss occurs. It is calculated by determining the current value of an investment position and is not realized until it is sold, also known as paper profit/loss. An unrealized profit occurs when the current value exceeds the purchase price; a loss that hasn't been realized if it's lower.

## PnL Calculation

There are a number of steps in the PnL Calculation procedure. The trader must first determine the beginning balance for the time period being considered. This could be the trading account's initial balance or its current balance. The trader must then determine which trades were made during the period. The cryptocurrency's cost basis, quantity, and price must be determined for each transaction. The cryptocurrency's purchase price is the cost basis, the quantity is the quantity of cryptocurrency purchased, and the price is the cryptocurrency's selling price.

Any cryptocurrency trader must use the PnL Calculation procedure. It aids the trader in determining whether or not their trading strategies are successful. Additionally, it provides insight into the trader's investments' performance over time. The trader is able to evaluate and adjust the profitability of their trading strategies by taking into account the cost basis, quantity, and price of each trade.